Once you know how to deadhead flowers, you can get more blooms on your petunias, daisies, echinacea, and other favorite plants throughout the growing season.
Need help selecting the best tool for the job? Check out this guide for choosing the right pruner and more.
Thank you to Fiskars for sponsoring this post and providing tools for me to test and you to win (see giveaway below).
What is Deadheading?
Want to get more flowers and a better-looking garden? Deadheading can help.
First, knowing the basic life cycle of a flowering plant will make deadheading easy to understand.
Flowering plants have one goal: to survive long enough to produce seeds that in turn create new flowering plants.
When flowers are pollinated, one cycle stops and another begins. Flowers begin to die off and seeds begin to form.
Deadheading is simply the removal of any dead or dying flowers (and the ovaries where the seeds develop) to stop seed production.
With the ovary gone, the plant resumes flower production.
This is a generalized overview and there are many nuances for different plant species, but in general, a dying flower means it’s time to deadhead if desired.
Reasons to Deadhead
1 More Blooms
Deadheading encourages new flower growth for continuous blooms throughout the growing season. I’ve listed plant examples below.
2 Prettier Garden
Deadheading can improve the look of your garden. Daisies are a good example: gorgeous in bloom but an eyesore when dead and dying.
3 Seed Prevention
Deadheading can prevent unwanted reseeding.
August is a busy time for deadheading in my garden. Many of the summer blooms are looking tired but there is still time to more flowers to form before fall.
Later, as the weather cools, I stop deadheading to allow seed production both so plants can self-seed and I can collect seeds for future seed starting. I do this with blanket flowers (Gaillardia) foxgloves (Digitalis), columbines (Aquilegia), delphiniums, coneflowers (Echinacea), and more.
If a plant is overzealous with its seeds, I may cut it right back in fall to prevent future problems.
Seeds are also an important fatty food source for winter birds so consider leaving what’s there at the end of season until spring.
Pick the Right Tool for the Job
You can deadhead with regular pruners but there is a better tool for the job.
These Curved Blade Pruning Snips by Fiskars are perfect for deadheading.
I’m very prone to hand pain but that is not a problem with these super lightweight snips.
They are small and the gentle spring-back action does all the work for me. I used to deadhead with pruners but the micro tip on these snips is more precise and easier to use.
How to Deadhead
When deadheading, we want to remove the old flower and ovary, and some or all of the stem.
Always clean your tools before and after deadheading and after handling any diseased plants.
I keep a spray bottle of isopropyl alcohol (70%) with my garden tools for this purpose.
Here’s some deadheading tips:
Single flower on a stem
- Follow the stem from the top (flower) down to the next leaves.
- Snip immediately above this point.
Multiple flowers on a stem
- As individual flowers begin to wither, snip below seed ovary—on many plants it’s a bulbous part just below the flower petals.
- Snip off entire stem when all flowers are done, either down to a pair of leaves or a main stem.
- Haircut time! With hundreds or thousands of tiny flowers, a plant like ground phlox can be sheared. Remove all the old flowers and a portion of the stems.
Are there plants I should not deadhead?
Yes. You can always remove old flowers but for some plants it will not trigger more blooms.
Some popular annuals are either sterile and do not produce seeds and/or provide continuous blooms for much of the growing season without the need to deadhead.
Supertunias by Proven Winners are one example.
Daylilies are another example—removing the flower will not bring another in its place.
And some perennials are very slow to re-flower or will not at all.
Ideally, know what you are growing and determine your deadheading routine on a plant-by-plant basis.
Fiskars is kindly sponsoring this giveaway. I’ve picked five of my favorite, must-have garden tools—including the Curved Blade Pruning Snip for deadheading.
- No purchase necessary.
- Must be 21 years of age or older to enter.
- Open to residents of Canada (excluding Quebec) and the continental United States.
- Entries must be received by August 7, 2019 at 11:59 pm EST.
- One entry per person and/or IP address.
- Prize: Garden Tool Prize Pack from Fiskars with an approximate total retail value of $100 US.
- Prizes are subject to availability and may vary from those shown.
- The number of eligible entries received determines the odds of winning.
- Winner will be selected randomly from eligible entries and listed on this post after closing. Winner will have seven days to claim their prize.
- Canadian giveaway winners are required to answer a skill-testing question.
- If potential prize winner forfeits or does not claim the prize, prize will be re-awarded, at Empress of Dirt’s sole discretion.
- All prizes will be awarded.
- Void where prohibited by law.
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~Melissa the Empress of Dirt ♛
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