Would you like to create a pond for your backyard? This new pond is a beautiful addition to our garden. I’ll walk you through the building process and share some tips I learned along the way. And yes, I really did build it myself.
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This post is sponsored by Aquascape who also provided the materials for this pond project.
The content and opinions are entirely my own. And yes, I really built it myself!
The Benefits of a Pond
I fell in love with garden ponds many years ago when I started seeing them on garden tours. I was on a very limited budget but, totally smitten with the idea, so I went ahead and built my first pond.
Our old garden was very small and the only place I could put any sort of pond was in a narrow raised garden bed. But, despite its size, that little water feature ended up being my favourite part of the entire space.
I was attracted by the beauty (of course)—the gorgeous sound of flowing water, how light shines in the water, and the vibrant aquatic plants including my beloved water lilies—but the unexpected surprise was how a new pond is so quickly adopted as an essential resource by the wild things that live in the garden—from tiny insects to birds, butterflies, bees, frogs, toads, dragonflies, and more. It’s like the gardening version of having the one house on the block where all the cool kids want to hang out.
Does Size Really Matter?
When we moved to our present home, one of my first projects was to add a small pond to the new garden.
Again, as soon as I added water and plants, the garden came to life. But this time I had a regret.
I made it too small.
To remedy this, I planned to rebuild it and create something larger, but, before I got started, the mating toads and frogs had already declared it home. I really didn’t want to displace them since there’s isn’t another water source nearby, so I opted to build a second, larger pond instead.
My point is, build the size you want the first time.
Video Showing How I Built The Pond
How I Built This Pond
I was forewarned ahead of time that it could take up to 50 hours to build a pond this size (8′ x 11′ with a depth of 2 feet). It actually ended up taking just 25 hours including a lot of breaks, for bird watching and daydreaming, as I am prone to do. And I assure you, I am a happy worker but definitely not fast nor am I exceptionally strong.
A good pond kit comes with detailed instructions to walk you through the entire process. I learned how to make this style of pond using the video here at Aquascape. The overview I’m providing here is just that—a brief overview. If you’re building a pond, be sure to consult your kit instructions for specific guidelines.
In addition to the pond kit, the only materials needed were rocks (large, medium, and gravel), and aquatic plants.
Step One: Plan the Pond Shape and Flow
In the photo (below) you can see the white outline—done with baking flour—marking an 8 x 11-foot area. I next used a long electrical cord to plan the actual shape of the pond within these boundaries.
Pond kits come with instructions that will help you plan the water flow. I decided to place the waterfall at the far end, and the skimmer with the submersible pump (that returns the water to the waterfall) at the near side where there is access to an outdoor electrical outlet.
Step Two: Dig the Pond
This step took about 4 hours. Our soil is very sandy which makes digging as easy as it could be, but, it was a really hot day so I took a lot of breaks to avoid overheating. If you have clay soil, be prepared for it to take a lot longer or hire help for this step.
It’s helpful to have the big picture planned out ahead of time so you don’t end up having to move that soil more than necessary. I used some of the excavated soil to create a berm around the waterfall. The rest of the soil is waiting for another big garden project I’m doing next.
Placing the Equipment
In this next photo you can see the waterfall and skimmer bins in their intended locations, though not yet buried in the soil. There is a hose pipe running between the two bins and it is buried under the pile of soil on the left side.
Keep It Level
The long brown thing is actually a piece of downspout that I used as a surface to place my level on, ensuring that the sides of the pond and inside ledges were level and the desired depths.
This pond is two feet deep at it’s deepest point which sounded too shallow to me until I saw it in place and it’s actually a nice depth. Make sure you don’t exceed the measurements your pond kit permits or you’ll run out of liner.
I opted to have one shelf around 3/4 of the pond and leave the rest open at full depth. You’ll see this in the next photos.
Step Three: Add the Liners
Pond kits (like the one I used from Aquascape) come with two liners: a cloth one, which goes down first, and the waterproof one.
This is when you start seeing what the pond will actually look like.
Step Four: Add Rocks
The first thing people ask is, how did you lift all of those rocks? It’s a good question. I’m told they weighed a whopping 5 tons—that’s 10,000 lbs—which sounds crazy but I had a secret weapon and figured out a way to make it even easier.
First of all, don’t lift them! I used a good hand trolley (also called a hand cart). Mine is designed to hold up to 600 lbs (much more than these rocks weigh), and it totally did the grunt work.
Be sure to wear protective gear including steel-toed boots and gloves with good grip and let gravity do the work.
The pond rocks were delivered on pallets at the front of our house so I did have to move them some distance to the backyard. I just pushed each rock off the pile onto the driveway. Some gritty sand on the driveway made it easy to spin and roll them onto the hand cart.
From there, I’d push the hand cart to the pond and dump them in. Once in the pond, it was easy to move them where I wanted them.
Honestly, I thought I might have to hire someone for this step, but, once I tried the hand cart and the gritty sand trick, it was way easier than I expected.
The walls of the pond and waterfall area are lined with the bigger rocks. The bottom, shelf, and gaps between the rocks are filled with gravel.
Moving the rocks took a couple of 2-3 hour sessions.
In the photo below, you can see I placed a board over the waterfall bin (at the far end) to avoid getting dirt and stones in there. The buckets were used to move and pour the gravel.
Step Five: Ensure Everything is Level and Add Water
I mentioned previously that you need things to be level for the pond to look right. Water will always level itself, of course, so you want the surroundings to also appear level.
Before I secured the waterfall and skimmer bins in place, I made sure they were on solid ground and matched the measurements in the kit instructions.
I was eager (and ridiculously nervous) to add the water and turn the pump on for the first time. That would be the moment of truth.
I called my husband to witness the big moment (turning on the pump) and it was rather anticlimactic because the water flowed beautifully. You can see this historic moment in the video (above) if you’re interested.
I was also pleasantly surprised to discover that the pump itself is very quiet: the only sound you hear is water falling. Perfect!
Step Six: Plants and Landscaping
You’ll notice in the photos that there is pond liner visible around the perimeter of the pond—this is not the intended long-term look. For now, I’m adding plants I have on hand and covering all of the bare soil with mulch. Over time, I’ll add many more plants, some stones, and ground covers to fill everything in. Just like any new addition to the garden, only time can make it look like it has been there all along.
I also have a fun idea planned for the waterfall cover—which needs to remain accessible—stay tuned for that.
Here’s the pond with some aquatic plants added.
Aquatic Plants in This Pond
When choosing pond plants, find a local seller and decide whether you want hardy and/or tropical plants. I chose hardy plants, with the exception of some of the floating plants, that will survive in the pond year-round. Tropical plants will need to be stored elsewhere for the winter.
- Marsh Marigold
- Pickerel Rush
- Blue Water Iris
- Sweet Flag
- Water Lettuce
- Water Hyacinth
- Water Lilies (coming soon)
As expected, the birds immediately started using the pond. I’m waiting to see if the frogs and toads from the other little pond decide to move over here. And I also intend to get fish. Update: I’ve added fish. You can see the process here.
The pond is obviously new and it will take some time for it to look more ‘naturalized’, but even now I completely love it.
It’s become everyone’s favourite spot to sit and relax as the waterfall spills down.
If you are considering building your own pond, I hope you found this encouraging. The digging and moving rocks is hard work, but it didn’t take nearly as long as I thought, and every step was manageable with the instructions, my hand trolley, and few helpful tips.
~Melissa the Empress of Dirt ♛
How to safely add fish to a backyard garden pond: